Frankincense CO2 from India, Boswellia serrata, contains up to 85% monoterpenoids but also sesquiterpene alcohols and esters including incensole acetate. The content of boswellic acids is below 0.1%. Indian Frankincense has been used traditionally to treat inflammation of the bladder and joints, but also for irregular periods, nosebleeds and to improve elasticity of aging skin. Frankincense CO2 has been shown to be effective against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis as well as Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis. The fragrance is composed of a warm woody basenote, with lemony and camphoraceous notes. It has a slightly sweet, spicy and herbaceous character. Generally its therapeutic effects are comparable to those of Boswellia carterii. (1) Kasali AA, Adio AM, Kundayo OE, Oyedeji AO, Adefenwa AO, Adeniyi BA : Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Boswellia serrata Roxb. (Fam. Burseraceae) bark : J. Essent. Oil Bear. Plants, 5: 173-175, 2002 (2) Patel NB, Patel KC : Antibacterial activity of Boswellia serrata Robx. ex Colebr. ethnomedicinal plant against gram negative UTI pathogens : Life Sci. Leaflets, 53: 976-1098, 2014 (3) Van Vuuren SF, Kamatou GP, Viljoen AM : Volatile composition and antimicrobial activity of twenty commercial frankincense essential oil samples : S. Afr. J. Bot., 76: 686-691, 2010. (4) Camarda, L., Dayton, T., Di Stefano, V., Pitonzo, R., Schillaci, D., 2007 : Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of some oleo gum resin essential oils from Boswellia SPP. (Burseraceae) : Anal. Chim. 97, 837-844 (5) Mothana RA : Anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and antioxidant activities of the endemic Soqotraen Boswellia elongata Balf. f. and Jatropha unicostata Balf. f. in different experimental models : Food Chem. Toxicol, 49: 2594-2599, 2011.
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